Adriana Knouf (she/her/hers, sie/hir/hirs) works as a xenologist, as an artist-scientist-writer-designer-engineer. She engages with topics such as space art, satellites, radio transmission, non-human encounters, drone flight, queer and trans futurities, machine learning, the voice, and papermaking. She is the Founding Facilitator of the tranxxeno lab (https://tranxxenolab.net), a nomadic artistic research laboratory that promotes entanglements amongst entities trans and xeno. Adriana is also an Assistant Professor of Art + Design at Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA. She is the author of How Noise Matters to Finance (2016) and numerous other journal articles, book chapters, and conference papers. She exhibits and presents her work internationally in festivals, conferences, and galleries. Adriana has a PhD in Information Science from Cornell University, an SM in Media Arts and Sciences from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a BS in Engineering and Applied Science from the California Institute of Technology.
Xenological Entanglements: 001. Plurigenesiology
To date, only 11.5% of astronauts have been women; only a couple are publicly known to have been queer; and none are known to be transgender. Little research has been done on the specifics of sex and gender in relation to spaceflight. The cost to send experiments to space has decreased due to new commercial launch providers, but still remains prohibitively expensive for most entities. Governmental agencies and commercial space ventures have made it clear that incorporating LGBTQ people and perspectives is not a priority. No research has been done on whether it is safe for transgender people on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to go to space. For deep space missions there will need to be a source of exogenous estradiol, for both transgender women on HRT as well as as a component of hormonal birth control.
For these reasons it’s necessary for us to develop our own space research programs independent of larger organizations. “Xenological Entanglements: 001. Plurigenesiology” is the first ambitious project of this program. It consists of two parts. First is the development of an open-source microgravity simulator (random positioning machine and/or clinostat), where the hardware, software, and documentation will be shared publicly so that others can easily build their own. Second is the over-activation of aromatase in Leydig cells cultured from pluripotent stem cells derived from fibroblasts collected from a transgender woman. The intent is to induce these Leydig cells to overproduce estradiol, thus enabling an assigned-male-at-birth body to self-produce the levels of estrogen required to live in a “female” body. These cells will be cultured under simulated microgravity using the equipment developed in the first part of the project.
“Plurigenesiology” is part of the tranxxeno lab, a nomadic artistic research laboratory that promotes entanglements between entities trans and xeno. An entrancing beacon that demarcates a different trajectory for space development, “Plurigenesiology” enacts research that would otherwise be deemed ancillary. Infused with the knowledge that deep space materials comprise the atomic source of life on earth, the project presents the tranxxeno dream of outer space as a place of exodus and thriving for all those who find life on this earth inhospitable.